02 SES 10 D, Competence Assessment: Methodological Issues And Approaches
Parallel Paper Session
In the last four years, the authors have conducted various national and international projects on large-scale competence assessment (COMET).
COMET measures occupational competence by using complex open test tasks, derived from the world of work. Here, no simple 'yes'- or 'no'- solutions are possible. Rather, different legitimate solutions vary according to criteria like cost-effectiveness, creativity, etc. The project identified 8 of such criteria that are inherent in skilled work: functionality, clearness/representation, efficiency/effectiveness, use value/sustainability, orientation on work and business processes, environmental responsibvility, the solution's creativity, and social responsibility (Rauner et al. 2009a). The eight competence criteria are assigned to levels of competence, which are of fundamental importance in assessing the proper performance of occupational tasks. Developing open test tasks taht are complex enough to adress these criteria, we created a possibility to measure occupational competence in terms of the way meaningful tasks are carried out.
But then, occupational competence is not restricted to the way work tasks are carried out. As vocational learning requires an integration into a community of practice, and consists in a developmental process from novice to expert, the process of identity formation is an intrinsical part of competence development as well. Additionally, in vocational education motivation is not an intervening variable, but a very aim of VET. Consequently, the COMET approach in competence development adresses these issues as well. For methodological reasons, these aspects are covered separately (see below).
The COMET aproach allows to analyse occupational competence of different groups of learners that undergo VET in different settings. Consequently, it has been used for international comparisons. This paper presents findings of projects with more than 2000 learners from Germany, China, and South Africa.
L. HEINEMANN, AND F. RAUNER, Engagement und Ausbildungsorganisation. I:BB, Bremen, 2009 F. RAUNER et al., Messen beruflicher Kompetenzen. Grundlagen und Konzeption des KOMET-Projekts, Vol. I, second edition, Berlin, 2009(a) F. RAUNER et al., Messen beruflicher Kompetenzen. Ergebnisse KOMET 2008, Vol. II, second edition, Bildung und Arbeitswelt series, Berlin, 2009(b) F. RAUNER et al., Messen beruflicher Kompetenzen. Ergebnisse KOMET 2009, Vol. III Berlin, 2011
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