07 SES 14 B, Tracking, Inequality and Civic Disengagement
Symposium<br /> Discussant: Andy Green
In the interests of democracy and democratic equality, experiences of education ideally should not increase the inequalities of future democratic engagement (interest in politics, future voting or protest) (Van de Werfhorst 2009). We might even wish that it could reduce them. However, this paper will present findings from across Europe that indicates an association between taking Vocational Education and Training (VET) and lower democratic outcomes in particular regarding voting intentions. The paper is based on analysis of quantitative data collected from upper schools in four countries – Denmark, England, France and Germany. The central argument is that when schools are divided into distinct groups and in this case between VET and general education both the formal curriculum and the social learning experience of the two groups differs and this enhances differences in values, attitudes and behaviour (Van de Werfhorst 2007 and Stevens 2002). In addition, the feelings of failure associated with taking the VET route lead to a reduced sense of self-efficacy. In countries which are less individualised and failure is less attributed to the individual the self-efficacy of individuals is much less influenced. Implications for policy and practice on vocational education and training are discussed.
00. Central Events (Keynotes, EERA-Panel, EERJ Round Table, Invited Sessions)
Network 1. Continuing Professional Development: Learning for Individuals, Leaders, and Organisations
Network 2. Vocational Education and Training (VETNET)
Network 3. Curriculum Innovation
Network 4. Inclusive Education
Network 5. Children and Youth at Risk and Urban Education
Network 6. Open Learning: Media, Environments and Cultures
Network 7. Social Justice and Intercultural Education
Network 8. Research on Health Education
Network 9. Assessment, Evaluation, Testing and Measurement
Network 10. Teacher Education Research
Network 11. Educational Effectiveness and Quality Assurance
Network 12. LISnet - Library and Information Science Network
Network 13. Philosophy of Education
Network 14. Communities, Families and Schooling in Educational Research
Network 15. Research Partnerships in Education
Network 16. ICT in Education and Training
Network 17. Histories of Education
Network 18. Research in Sport Pedagogy
Network 19. Ethnography
Network 20. Research in Innovative Intercultural Learning Environments
Network 22. Research in Higher Education
Network 23. Policy Studies and Politics of Education
Network 24. Mathematics Education Research
Network 25. Research on Children's Rights in Education
Network 26. Educational Leadership
Network 27. Didactics – Learning and Teaching
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