23 SES 08 A, The Nordic Vision of a School for All Meets the Neo-Liberal Education Policy. Part 1. Reports from Five Countries
Symposium, Part 1
The quest for equity in education in Finland has the roots in the 19th century project of nation-building. Education was regarded as a national public good, and therefore a duty of all people, also the commoners. Universally accessible elementary school was established as a product of national awakening. However, only under the auspices of the welfare state hundred years later in the 1970s, the basic school became sufficiently extensive and truly a school for all through a pivotal comprehensive school reform. School is contingent on social change. Post-industrial turn, the rise of new middle classes and the import of neo-liberal ideas led to a new pivotal turn in school politics in the 1990s. Deregulation, decentralisation and the introduction of free parental choice of school made local comprehensive schools into a school market, where education was sought as an individual asset instead of a public good. In the post-comprehensive era the comparative evaluation of learning outcomes was regarded essential. Finnish schools excelled in the OECD-conducted PISA measurements, and equity was offered as an explanation. However, since 2009 PISA results indicated local polarization of schools in regard to learning results. Equity of education seemed to deserve reconsideration.
00. Central Events (Keynotes, EERA-Panel, EERJ Round Table, Invited Sessions)
Network 1. Continuing Professional Development: Learning for Individuals, Leaders, and Organisations
Network 2. Vocational Education and Training (VETNET)
Network 3. Curriculum Innovation
Network 4. Inclusive Education
Network 5. Children and Youth at Risk and Urban Education
Network 6. Open Learning: Media, Environments and Cultures
Network 7. Social Justice and Intercultural Education
Network 8. Research on Health Education
Network 9. Assessment, Evaluation, Testing and Measurement
Network 10. Teacher Education Research
Network 11. Educational Effectiveness and Quality Assurance
Network 12. LISnet - Library and Information Science Network
Network 13. Philosophy of Education
Network 14. Communities, Families and Schooling in Educational Research
Network 15. Research Partnerships in Education
Network 16. ICT in Education and Training
Network 17. Histories of Education
Network 18. Research in Sport Pedagogy
Network 19. Ethnography
Network 20. Research in Innovative Intercultural Learning Environments
Network 22. Research in Higher Education
Network 23. Policy Studies and Politics of Education
Network 24. Mathematics Education Research
Network 25. Research on Children's Rights in Education
Network 26. Educational Leadership
Network 27. Didactics – Learning and Teaching
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