04 SES 14 A, Gender Violence Prevention: Educational Actions and Empowerment
The “mirage of upward mobility” is the erroneous perception that individuals have when associating the establishment of an affective and sexual relationship (with individuals responding to a hegemonic masculinity model based on imposition and rejection) to an increase of her social status and her attractiveness, when in fact their status and attractiveness decreases. Addressing gender violence prevention as this research project defends is decisive for overcoming the inequalities surrounding adolescents and youth nowadays. Communicative daily life stories and communicative discussion groups with adolescents of 14 to 18 years old and youth of 18 to 25 years old were held to gather the plurality of realities. Results of the research point to a set of consequences such as: a) normalizing situations and attitudes of gender violence including humiliation, isolation, name calling, pressure to have sexual relationships, physical aggression, among others; b) decrease of the status, value and attractiveness of a girl for the boys; c) decrease of attractiveness with physical and psychical deterioration; d) receiving criticism from friends and members of the environment. Results of the study point out the need of dialogic approaches form the educational spheres to address and prevent mirage of upward mobility and gender violence.
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