23 SES 06 B, Globalization, Privatizations and Neo-Liberal Reforms in Education (Part 1)
Paper Session: to be continued in 23 SES 07 B
This paper examines some characteristics of the global education reforms which are being developed in most regions. As an exponent, Spain is implementing a new education reform act (LOMCE). The research will analyze some mechanisms of hidden privatisation in the Spanish educational system. We will also explore the new actors that promote these discourses of privatisation.Around the world,education policies with similar speeches, new public management, performance management, accountability actions, news forms of privatisation, public-private partnerships or performance-related pay are being introduced around the world. Perhaps education policy transfers could be thought of as being like the movement of ‘policy epidemic’ (Levin, 1998). These tendencies towards the change of the policy are having major influences, in different ways, on public education systems in countries across the globe. The global education reform movement (Sahlberg, 2011) describes a new form of market competition and educational standardisation in which professional autonomy is replaced by the ideals of efficiency, productivity, and rapid service delivery. These various forms are being discussed and implemented to the point that they have obtained the status of ‘global education polices’ (Verger, Novelli y Altinyelken, 2012). The new processes of public services are characterizing the movement of global education policies. It is a new measure that is changing the ethos of education. As Ball and Youdell (2008, p. 8-9) point out, “privatisation in public education or endogenous, are such forms or privatisation involve the importing of ideas, techniques and practices from the private sector in order to make the public sector more like business and more business-like”.
A consequence of this process is the restructuration of the states. This paper examines the state as a social relation, it should be seen involves a form-determined condensation of the changing balance of forces (Jessop, 2002). State power is the sum of a ‘balance of forces as this is institutionally mediated through the state apparatus with its structurally inscribed strategic selectivity’ (Jessop, 2002, p. 40). This situation is producing the reconfiguration of a new model of the state. This process is a medium to create new policies, where multiples actors and organisations are being established through particular discourses and truths, new power relations influencing the state. These are ‘new policy assemblages with a diverse range of participants which exist in a new kind of policy space somewhere between multilateral agencies, national governments, NGOs, think tanks and advocacy groups’ (Ball, 2012, p.10).
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