22 SES 14 B, Migrants, Refugees and Global Challenges in Higher Education
The issue of higher education (HE) and migration has received scant attention in sociological and geographical research (Banks, 2017; Brooks and Waters, 2011; Collins, 2010). Dynamic globalization processes, easy transport and passage between different areas of the world, facilitated by political unions such as the European Union and the internalization of HE have led to international declarations recognizing the global mobility of students (Hatton, 2017; Trevor, 2014). Simultaneously economic crises and wars especially in the Middle East and political upheavals in various world regions have stimulated mass movements of displaced persons, and refugees.
However, previous studies have shown that there is a direct correlation between discrimination, ineffective policies for the integration of immigrant, foreigner, and refugee students from different and underdeveloped countries, integration of ethnic, religious and national minorities and equal access to HE (Arar & Haj-Yehia, 2016; Brooks & Waters, 2011).
Students' temporary and permanent migration for education is not considered a new phenomenon, whether from free choice or under constricted choice due to oppression and restrictions in their home country (Brooks & Waters, 2011; Trevor, 2014). Nevertheless, it seems that the dynamics of the “global village” have accelerated this phenomenon empowered by global and local crises (Arar & Haj-Yehia, 2016; Hatton, 2017) so that in 2016 it was estimated that close to 65 million refugees and displaced persons were seeking refuge throughout the world (UNICIF, 2017). Although, the number of foreign tertiary students enrolled worldwide increased by 50% between 2005 and 2012. As many as 4.5 million students were enrolled outside of their home countries in 2012 and the total number is estimated to have surpassed five million by 2015 (OECD, 2016) (Bel-Air, 2016).
Nevertheless, there has been little research concerning equitable access for refugees and displaced persons to HE and the specific constraints that shape their choices and opportunities to advance their education, let alone the push factors that force them to leave their former homes and countries including their prior studies to seek their fortune, safety and quality of life abroad (Hatton, 2017; Waite, 2016). Thus, the symposium is prompted by the continuous increase in the movements of migrants due to globalization, economic or ethnic discrimination or due to wars and natural disasters. Migrant students, refugees and foreigners strive to realize their equal and just right to HE in the host states where they are absorbed. The symposium therefore aims to fill this gap in knowledge and practice, tracing the HE issues raised by mass migration and displacement of various populations in different countries, especially relating to opportunities for HE. The symposium has the advantage that it is crafted by authors from both "Western" and "Oriental" cultures (a Palestinian from Israel, a Turkish and a citizen of the USA) with varied academic backgrounds enabling the composition of a rich global overview of the studied subject.
The symposium will facilitate dialogue and fertilization of ideas among the region’s researchers in order to answer the main research question from several perspectives presented in this symposium. More specifically, the symposium poses the following questions: (1) How do HE institutions in different parts of the world deal with the challenges that refugee and immigrant students face on their way to HE; and (2) What are the effective models and tools used to deal with these challenges, barriers and problems faced by this group of students?
Arar, K., & Haj-Yehia, K. (2016). Higher Education and the Palestinian minority in Israel. New-York: Paglrave Macmilan. Banks, J. A. (2017). Citizenship education and global migration: Implications for theory, research and teaching. New York: American Educational Research Association. Bel-Air, F. (2016). Migration profile: Turkey. European University Institute, (9). Retrieved from http://cadmus.eui.eu/bitstream/handle/1814/45145/MPC_PB_2016_09.pdf?sequence=1 Brooks, R., & Waters, J. (2011). Student mobility, migration and the internalization of higher education. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. Hatton, T. (2017). Refugees and asylum seekers, the crisis in Europe and the future of policy, Economic Policy, 447–496. Morrice, L. (2013). Refugees in higher education: boundaries of belonging and recognition, stigma and exclusion. International Journal of Lifelong Education, 32 (5), 652-668. OECD (2016). International Migration Outlook 2016. Paris. Seukwa, L.H. (2013). Integration of refugees into the European education and labor market. Requirements for a target group oriented approach. Peter Lang: Frankfurt am Main. UNCHR. (2015). DAFI annual report. Retrieved from http://www.unhcr.org/58eb96777 Trevor, S. (2014). Migrants and refugees- Global issues. Palgrave Macmillan. United Nations Refugee Center (UNHRC, 2017). http://www.unhcr.org/en-us/figures-at-a-glance.html Waite, D. (2016). The where and what of education today: A leadership perspective, International Journal of Leadership in Education, 19(1), 101-109.
00. Central Events (Keynotes, EERA-Panel, EERJ Round Table, Invited Sessions)
Network 1. Continuing Professional Development: Learning for Individuals, Leaders, and Organisations
Network 2. Vocational Education and Training (VETNET)
Network 3. Curriculum Innovation
Network 4. Inclusive Education
Network 5. Children and Youth at Risk and Urban Education
Network 6. Open Learning: Media, Environments and Cultures
Network 7. Social Justice and Intercultural Education
Network 8. Research on Health Education
Network 9. Assessment, Evaluation, Testing and Measurement
Network 10. Teacher Education Research
Network 11. Educational Effectiveness and Quality Assurance
Network 12. LISnet - Library and Information Science Network
Network 13. Philosophy of Education
Network 14. Communities, Families and Schooling in Educational Research
Network 15. Research Partnerships in Education
Network 16. ICT in Education and Training
Network 17. Histories of Education
Network 18. Research in Sport Pedagogy
Network 19. Ethnography
Network 20. Research in Innovative Intercultural Learning Environments
Network 22. Research in Higher Education
Network 23. Policy Studies and Politics of Education
Network 24. Mathematics Education Research
Network 25. Research on Children's Rights in Education
Network 26. Educational Leadership
Network 27. Didactics – Learning and Teaching
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