16 SES 03 B, ICT as a Tool to Support Students and Pre-Service Teachers
Parallel Paper Session
Today, we are witnessing important transformations in the system of education. In this new form of education, creating interactive and student-centered learning environments constitutes an important part of this system, so teachers should be able to construct such environments. This requires mainly computer, technology and information literacy skills. But being computer, technology and information literate is not enough to equip students with these same skills. According to Bandura (1993, p. 144), people with low self efficacy in a given domain, get shy away from difficult tasks, which they perceive as personal threats. If integration of information and communication technologies (ICTs) into classrooms make contribution to the quality of education, there is need to train computer literate teachers with the feeling self-efficacy.
In the literature, there are some instruments to assess computer self-efficacy beliefs. The studies of Murphy, Cover and Owen (1989), Compeau and Higgins (1995), Eastin and LaRose (2000), Wang, Ertmer and Newby (2004) are some examples of the self-efficacy scales. But most of these tools developed before 2000 and some features are not appropriate today’s condition. In addition the language of these scales makes them useless to assess self-efficacy beliefs of teachers in Turkey. On the other hand I could only find one study about developing such a scale for Turkish teachers which was created by Akkoyunlu, Orhan and Umay in 2004. Although it is up to date and written in Turkish, it was prepared for specifically for computer teachers. Therefore the aim of the study is to develop a scale to assess pre-service and in-service teachers’ perceived self-efficacy beliefs in Turkey.
Akkoyunlu, B. & Kurbanoglu, S. (2004) A Study on Teachers’ Information Literacy Self-Efficacy Beliefs. Hacettepe Üniversitesi E¤itim Fakültesi Dergisi, 27, 11-20 Bandura, A. (1993). Perceived Self-efficacy in Cognitive Development and Functioning. Educational Psychologist, 28(2), 117-148. Compeau, D.R., Higgins, C.A. (1995), "Computer self-efficacy: development of a measure and initial test", MIS Quarterly, 19 (2), pp.189-211. Eastin, M.S. and LaRose, R. (2000) Internet Self-Efficacy and the Psychology of the Digital Divide. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, available on http://www.asusc.org/jcmc/vol6/issue1/eastin.html. Murpy, C., Coover, D., Owen, S. (1989) Development and validation of the computer self efficacy scale. Education and Psychological Measurement, 49(4), 893-899. Wang, L, Ertmer, L. A. and Newby, T. J (2004). Increasing pre-service teachers self-efficacy beliefs for technology integration. Journal of Reseach on Technology in Education, 36(3), 231-250.
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